Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College commenced publication of a biennial Technical Journal in 2010 to disseminate information spanning the entire spectrum of engineering and technology. We envisioned that this activity will help unleash the creative potential of technical community and provide a credible platform to receive professional recognition. Our journey through this arduous path has been a satisfying effort. We have sustained interest and support of the country’s Technical community.

The Journal aims to provide platform to researchers, academicians, developers, industry experts and authors interested in state-of-the art and state-of-the-practice activities via publishing their research-based papers, articles and case studies on topics of current concern in the areas of engineering branches, namely electrical engineering, electronics, communication technology, instrumentation and measurement, information technology, computers, mechanical engineering, robotics and allied disciplines.

Our source of articles mainly comprises the faculty teaching in Engineering Colleges across the country. Process of publication of the Journal is supervised by IIT-background professionals with impeccable credentials. The articles are blind-peer reviewed and published following internationally-accepted IEEE style as the format for publication. Printed on art paper, the Journal with ISSN number 0975-9514 is currently running in its Ninth volume. To begin with we had planned the Journal at the national level. Gradually, the contributions started coming from overseas Universities and we converted it to an international journal.

To recognize the invaluable Intellectual contribution made by professionals in advancing the noble cause of dissemination of scientific and engineering knowledge, all published articles since Volume 7 of the “AKGEC International Journal of Technology” are being suitably rewarded. A prize of Rs.5,000 is being paid to the paper adjudged the best for each issue. For the balance, an amount of Rs.2,500 per article is earmarked.

Dr. R. K. Agarwal
B.Tech (IIT Kanpur), M.S. (CIT, Cranfield, UK) and PhD (IISc Bangalore)

Dr. R.K. Agarwal has an exceptionally brilliant academic background with B.Tech from IIT Kanpur, M.S. from CIT, Cranfield, UK and PhD from IISc Bangalore. During his illustrious career of nearly three decades in the Indian Air Force and Defence Research & Development Organization (DRDO), he has held various key appointments including Chief Engineering Officer of an Operational Base, Director (Engg) at Air HQ and Project Director at Centre for Airborne Systems. His vast managerial, administrative, research and academic experience includes teaching assignments at Air Force Technical College and nine years of pioneering R&D work on the prestigious AWACS project in DRDO. He has also been a member of the Aeronautical Research & Development Board (ARDB) panel for approval and review of sponsored research projects at various centres of Excellence established at IITs and CSIR Laboratories.

He is the recipient of the coveted Royal Aeronautical Society (UK) award for academic excellence at CIT and a citation with cash award by DRDO for his contribution to the design and development of Airborne Early Warning aircraft, culminating in its maiden flight.

After taking voluntary retirement in 2004, Dr. Agarwal decided to contribute in the field of technical education and has been the Director of Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College (AKGEC), Ghaziabad since then. He has been persistently working towards setting new benchmarks in academic excellence as well as industry–academia interface to make the students globally competitive and employable. During his tenure, the college has not only been consistently maintaining exceptional results and placements but has also made significant progress in research and industry relevant consultancy projects. A number of initiatives and collaborative ventures with eminent multi-national companies have lead to establishment of many multi-disciplinary, high technology industry relevant facilities. These include India’s first Kuka Industrial Robotics Training Centre, NI-LabVIEW Academy, Bosch Rexroth Centre of Competence in Automation Technologies, Janatics Industrial Pneumatic Knowledge Centre and Mitsubishi Electric India. The college has also achieved the unique distinction of receiving the Academic Excellence Award for Best Engineering College in UPTU for two successive years under his able guidance.

He has also contributed in bringing about a culture of corporate social responsibility in academic institutions. The social activities initiated by him include running a free primary school in the college, adopting a municipal corporation school in a nearby village, providing tuition fee subsidy to children of class IV employees, donating computers to spread computer literacy and generously contributing for relief work after natural calamities. Involvement in these activities makes the students conscious of their civic and social responsibilities. He places special emphasis on all round development with focus on inculcating self-discipline, good moral values, ethics, work culture and a positive attitude to make the students not just competent professionals but also good citizens and responsible members of the society.

His wide ranging experience, vision and dynamism have infused inspiration and provided a road map for academic institutions to achieve the zenith of excellence in all fields of activities.

Dr. R.K. Agarwal’s extraordinary inspiring-vision catapulted AKGEC to numero uno position for all time to come. He took the momentous decision in 2010 to launch this biannual publication to nurture creativity and encourage innovations. The journal received manuscripts even from overseas authors, earning accolades from research community worldwide.

Dr Ranjit Singh
B.Tech, M.Tech & Ph.D (IITK)

Dr Ranjit Singh (b. 17 Aug 1948) obtained B.Tech, M.Tech. and Ph.D degrees from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur in 1969, 1971 and 1975 respectively specializing in the area of Electronic communication circuits and devices.

Currently, he is Editor-in-Chief of the ‘AKGEC International Journal of Technology’, which is running in ninth volume.

Published large number of technical papers in IETE journals in addition to in-depth technology-reviews covering emerging trends in Communications and information technology. He was Editor at IETE during 1975-1987; Technical Editor at ‘Telematics India’ during 1987-2001; Editor of Industrial Purchase journal during 2002- 2008.

He has abiding passion for teaching and research. Guided 10 M. Tech and 2 PhD scholars besides supervising 15 B.Tech projects. Delivered Keynote address on ‘Mobile Computing’ in Feb 2014 at Annual Convention of JIMS.

He is Life Fellow of the IETE and attended international conferences held in France, Singapore, USA, Hong Kong and Nepal. Daily practices advanced ‘Art-of-Living’ meditation. Also associated with ‘Amway’ and Insurance sector.

Contact Details : +91 9868041558
Email Id : [email protected], [email protected]

Invitation for Manuscripts concerning engineering subjects for publication in the AKG International Journal of Technology

The “AKG International Journal of Technology” i.e. AKGIJT is a peer-reviewed journal published by Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College (AKGEC). The AKGEC is among the top rung technical institutions situated in the Nationals Capital Region of India in Ghaziabad. The AKGEC is committed to provide world class education and research in the cutting-edge areas and has developed industry scale innovation centres in the frontline technologies. The Institute’s modern infrastructure attracts the industry to supplement training and research. The AKGIJT lives up to the vision of AKGEC and publishes peer review articles in the broad areas of Engineering & Technology involving all major disciplines for the last 13 years. The Journal has so far successfully published 14 biannual volumes and archived all the issues online with free accessibility in pdf format.

The AKGIJT invites scientific articles, original research, state of the art reviews and case studies from the industry, research and academic professionals for consideration of publication in this open access (without APC) journal. The submitted articles will be peer-reviewed and further consideration will follow the review report/recommendations. Submissions will be peer-reviewed by a panel of experts.

Contributions in the broader contemporary research involving broad engineering disciplines and multi-disciplinary areas are welcomed.

Brief submission guidelines are given below, but the prospective authors are encouraged to visit the Journal’s website .The journal regards high value to the publication ethics and plagiarism. Detailed information for the authors including manuscript preparations, publication ethics and journal overview can be viewed on the Journal’s website.

All Contributions Should be Emailed to [email protected]

Submission guidelines:

• Submissions should be original and must not be under consideration for publications elsewhere.
• The authors must include a statement of originality& similarity, conflict of interest and funding information.
• The articles are generally limited to 3000 word and an abstract of 200 words.
• The manuscript must include a list of at least three keywords.
• The manuscript should be preferably composed in the MS Word format and equations should be typed in Equation Editor (and must not be pasted as image). The table and figures should be sequentially numbered and the legend must be separately included. The images should be of at least 300 dpi quality.
• All references should be listed and cited in the text as per IEEE format.

Online Submission

Step 1

Choose your Subscription

Step 2

Online Payment : Through RTGS/NEFT

Name of the Beneficiary Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College
Name of the Bank Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd
Branch Address 30 & 31 Navyug Market, P.B.No. 75 Ghaziabad-201001
Branch Code 5295
Bank Account No. 508010250461
Type of Bank Account Saving Bank Account
Contact No. 0120-2790969

Offline Payment : Through Bank Draft/Cheque

All Cheques / Demand Drafts (DD) should be made in favour of “Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College.", payable at Ghaziabad.

Step 4

Fill the required details in the form and submit.

Journal January - June 2023

AKGEC International Journal of Technology
January – June 2023 Vol. 14, No.1 
S No. Content
1 Mobile Edge Computing (MEC)
Honey Charnalia
2 Electromagnetic Spectrum for Information Superiority of Nation’s SecurityBrig Sanjay Rawal
3 Configurable Memory Method for Gain Variation Compensation for RF Systems over Temperature and Frequency
Amit Tiwari
4 AI and Blockchain with Reference to IPRs
Advocate Prity Khastgir
5 IoT-Based Smart Posture Correcting Chair Design
Shreyansh Singh, Utkarsh Sharma, Shreshth Sharma, Dr. Sangeeta Mangesh
6 Automatic Plants Watering and Treasuring System
Bhagya Shree, Ankita Patel and Dr Gunjan Varshney
7 Pandemic Management via Technology
Dr Gagandeep Kaur
8 Next Generation Wireless Local Area Network for 5G and IoT
Dr P.C. Jain
9 Analysis of Disease Prediction for Common Behavioural Symptoms
Angel Jain, Aditya S Chandel and Ajay Kumar
10 Online Auction System
Aditya Kumar Singh, Prashant Kaushik, Ajay Kumar, Aditya Kumar Singh, Arun Kumar Rai
11 Machine Learning Based Polygraph Test Using Skin Sensations
Pooja Sharma, Aniruddha, Adit Vats, Sunny Patel and Tushar Singh
12 Potential of Green Energy: Current Status in Indian Subcontinent
Nikita Jaiswal, Ashish Vishwakarma and Kshama Shukla
13 Structure of PID Controller and Its Performance in Multi-Area Power System Network
Arun Maurya & Hera Khan

Journal January - June 2022

AKGEC International Journal of Technology
January – June 2022 Vol. 13, No.1 
S No. Content
1 Digital Transformation of Railway Signalling through Emerging Communication Technologies
Dr. Satya N. Gupta, FIETE
2 Gig, a New-Age EconomyManjit Singh, FIETE
3 Bi-phase Modulator for L-band Applications
Amit Tiwari, FIETE
4 Artificial Intelligence: Master Key for Career in Emerging Technologies
Dr. Sarbjit Singh
5 5G Technology: the Game Changer
S.D. Saxena, FIETE
6 Save Paper – An Eco-Friendly Research
A.P.R. Srinivas
7 Rotating Radiation Beam Slotted Antenna with Two Orthogonal Frequencies for 5G Applications
Dr. Manoj Kumar Garg
8 A Simulation of Night Vision Technology Aided with AI
Amit Tiwari¹ and Jalaj Gupta²
9 Performance Study of Grid Connected Solar-PV System
Arun Kumar Maurya1 and Hera Khan2
10 Perils of Screen Addiction
Dr. Ranjit Singh, FIETE
11 Some Properties of Integer Numbers
Dr. Tejmal S. Rathore1
, MIEEE, FIETE, Mradul Rathore2
, Student Member IEEE, Jayantilal Rathore3
and Pramila Khabia4

Journal July - December 2020

AKGEC International Journal of Technology
July – December 2020 Vol. 11, No.2 ISSN 0975-9514
S No. Content
1 Collaborating for Self Reliance – Co-Creating IoT Connectivity Solutions Using NB.Fi
Satya N. Gupta
2 Industry 4.0: High-tech Strategy for Future Manufacturing Industries
Manjit Singh
3 Amplitude Equalizers – Types and Design
Dr T. S. Rathore
4 Harmonising Outcome-Based Education Accreditation Framework and International Educational Standard ISO 21001:2018
Dr. P.S. Grover
5 EBG Configured Wideband Sensing Antenna for Smart RF Applications
Dr. Pankaj Kumar Goswami and Garima Goswami
6 Modeling and Analysis of Helical Springs Using CATIA-V5R19 and ANSYS 16.0
Dr. Reddy Sreenivasulu, N. Yaswanth Krishna, M. Sukumar, O.N. Gouse Basha,N. ArunKumar, K. Heamanth and M. Vamsi Krishna
7 Advanced Structural Sandwiched Panels in Layered Corrugate Core
Dr. K Kamal
8 Block-chain Technology and its Application against COVID-19
Dr Brijesh Kumar Gupta
9 Menace of Space Junk around Earth
Dr. Ranjit Singh
10 8:1 High Power Combiner for S-Band Radar
Amit Tiwari, Suraj Kumar, Anuj Tiwari, Vikas Jain, Anil Kumar

Journal January - June 2020

AKGEC International Journal of Technology
January – June 2020 Vol. 11, No.1 ISSN 0975-9514
S No. Content
1 Mobile Edge Computing In 5G Era
Manjit Singh
2 Innovations- Sustainability of Telecom
Tilak Raj Dua
3 Managing New Internet (IPv6) in Country – Case for a 22
National Root Server for v6

Satya N. Gupta and Keshav Sharma
4 General Data Protection Regulation and Its 28
Impact on Indian Enterprises

Dr. Brijesh Kumar Gupta
5 Soil Nailing for Highway Construction
Archita Goyal and A. K. Shrivastava
6 Power Balance ICP Model
Dr. Bhupal Singh, Dr. K.B. Sahay and Dr. Sneh Anand
7 Plastics Addiction: Humanity’s Existential Crisis
Pratibha Singh and Om Pal Singh
8 Transmitter for Beam Forming Applications
Amit Tiwari
9 Deep Learning Algorithms to Improve Financial Decisions
Shweta Roy
10 Symbiosis of Electronics and Mechanical Engineering
Dr. Ranjit Singh

Journal July - December 2019

AKGEC International Journal of Technology
July – December 2019 Vol. 10, No.2 ISSN 0975-9514
S No. Content
1 Substitution in Titanium Dioxide Hydroelectric Cell Induces Higher Green Energy
Abha Shukla, Rojaleena Das, Rekha Agrawal, Garima Kotnala, Shipra Jain, Rekha Gupta and Dr. Jyoti Shah
2 Public Protection and Disaster Relief Radio-communications
Bharat Bhatia
3 Enhanced Luminescence of MoS -QDs for Enzyme Free and Sensitive Detection of H O 2 2
Himanshu Mishra, Vijay K Singh, Stuti Srivastava, Anurag Mishra and Anchal Srivastava
4 A Low Cost Homemade Air purifier
Anuj Tiwari and Amit Tiwari
5 Applicability of Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) in Lean Manufacturing: A Brief Study
Reddy Sreenivasulu and Srinivasa Rao Chalamalasetti
6 Digital Super Divide: Humanity at Cross-road
K. K. Minocha
7 Investigation of High-Strength Concrete Using Fly Ash and Silica Fume
Dr. Rakesh Srivastava, Yogendra Kumar, Rupesh Kumar, Saurabh Kumar, Sonam Gupta, Vijay Kumar and Vividh Mahajan
8 Study of Thermal Decomposition of Polystyrene Using Viscometric Analysis and Assessment of Its Reaction Rate Models
Dr. Aniruddh Singh, Arun Maurya and Rohit Patel
9 Carbon Footprint Reduction and Sustainable Reuse of Recycled Plastic
A.P.R. Srinivas
10 Paradigm Shift in Manufacturing via Information Technology
Dr. Ranjit Singh

Journal January - June 2018

AKGEC International Journal of Technology
January – June 2018 Vol. 9, No.1 ISSN 0975-9514
S No. Content
1 Circuit Theorems – Scope and Limitations
Dr. T. S. Rathore
2 Face Recognition Techniques – A Review
Bhaskar Gupta
3 Green Technologies in ICT Sector for Development: A Path to Environmental Sustainability
Om Pal Singh and Pratibha Singh
4 Influence of Zinc Oxide and Silicon Carbide Micro fillers on Impact Strength and Hardness in E-Glass/Polyester Composites: Fabrication and Testing
Reddy Sreenivasulu
5 Internet of Medical Things: Advent of Digital Doctor
Manjit Singh
6 Collaboration: A Key to Innovation
Amit Tiwari
7 Survey: Internet of Things
Ruchi Parashar
8 Automatic Facial Feature Point Extraction by Using Harris Algorithm
Pushpa Kesarwani, Akhilesh Kumar Choudhary and Arun Kumar Misra
9 Image Processing in Face Detection through Morphological Shared-weight Neural Networks
Dr. Chandani Sharma and Dr. Ranjit Singh
10 Taguchi Based Experimental Studies on Surface Roughness and Burr Formation during End Milling of Inconel 718
Reddy Sreenivasulu, Shaik Hidayath Hussain, Raga Veera Vineeth, Raavi Rama Krishna, Vijay Dasari and Pappala Suresh

Journal July-Dec 2013

AKGEC Journal of Technology
July-December 2013 Vol. 4, No.2 ISSN 0975-9514
S No. Content
1 New Trends in High Speed Networking.
Dr. S.C. Gupta
2 Online Monitoring Inside a Building Based on Energy Efficient Wireless Sensor Network.
Himanshu Sharma and Vibhav Kumar Sachan
3 A Review on Multi Objective Optimization of Drilling Parameters Using Taguchi Methods.
K. Lipin and P. Govindan
4 A Novel Design of Compact 2.5GHz Fractal Antennas.
Nehya Chaudhary, Sonika Sindhiya and Dr. K.K Tirpaathi
5 Infrastructure for IP Networks.
Manjit Singh
6 Study of Indian Power Sector for Planned Power Capacity.
Rajiv Kumar Singh, Suresh K.Choudhary, Dr. IPS Paul and Raj Kumar
7 FPGA Realization of Double Data Rate Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory Controller.
Dipa Nitin Kokane
8 Relationship between Mathematics and Physics: A Fresh Perspective.
Dr. Aniruddh Singh
9 Low Cost Automatic Door Closure.
J. S. Kushawaha
10 Quality Monitoring and Control: A Key to Success.
Prachi Sharma and Dr. Rajiv Kumar Gupta
11 Financial Inclusion: Issues and Challenges.
Akhil Damodaran
12 Design and Analysis of Multiband Microstrip Antenna Array.
Sonika Sindhiya, Nehya Chaudhary and K.K Tripathi

Journal Jan-June 2012

AKGEC Journal of Technology
January-June 2012 Vol. 3, No.1 ISSN 0975-9514
S No. Content
1 Sustainable Bio-diesel Development Strategies in Fossil-Driven Economy of Nigeria
O.D. Samuel
2 Hybrid BAFEC/CHARQ Method for Wireless Video Streaming
Faezeh Sadat Mozneb
3 Architectural designs and Constructability Issues
Eng. Ali Akbar Kamar and Dr. S. S. Pimplikar
4 A Study of Advances in Maintenance Management System in Industrial Plants
Dr. I.P.S. Paul and M. Kohle
5 Analysis of Direct Torque Control of PMSM Drive Using Different Inverter Topologies
Atul Sood, Anil Kumar Rai, Ritesh Sharma and K. K. Prajapat
6 Cache database: Introduction to a New Generation Database
Amrita Bhatnagar
7 Green Engineering Is the Best Fit When Approaches Nature’s Engineering Benchmark
Manvendra Tiwari, Sanjay K. Behera and R. S. Rohella
8 Durability studies on Steel Fibre Reinforced Metakaolin Blended Concrete
Dr. P. Srinivasa Rao, Dr Sravana, Dr Z. Abdul Rahim and Dr. T. Seshadri Sekhar
9 Quality in Engineering Education in Punjab
Col. Dr. D.S. Grewal
10 A Survey on Image to Text Detection Methodology
Sandeep Sharma and Jai Prakash
11 The Overview of New Trends in Hybrid Artificial -Intelligence and Control Techniques
Rajesh Namdev M.S. Bhadoria Aishwarya Yadav
12 A Study on Structural Stress Analysis of an Engine Cylinder Head
Dr. M. Lakshman Rao

Journal Jan-Jun 2011

AKGEC Journal of Technology
January-June 2011 Vol. 2, No.1 ISSN 0975-9514
S No. Content
1 FPGA Based Monitoring System for Heart Rate and Arterial Oxygen Saturation
Vandana V. Kale, Atika Jain and A.D.Rahulkar
2 Analysis of Adaptive Volterra Filters with LMS and RLS Algorithms
Amrita Rai and Dr. Amit Kumar Kohli
3 Elastance Co-efficient of the Intradural Vascular System in Human beings: A Modelling Study
Dr. Bhupal Singh, Prof. K.B Sahay and Prof. Sneh Anand
4 Theoretical Categorization of Interoperability in E-Government
Rajesh Chauhan and Dr. Amar Jeet Singh
5 Implementation of Image Processing Algorithm on FPGA
Abdul Manan
6 Attributes in JIT Purchasing
Sultan Singh and Dixit Garg
7 Power Market Design in India
J.P. Navani and Sonal Sapra
8 Hydrogen Production by Splitting Water in an Electrolyzer: A Computer Simulation Based Study
Dr. Aniruddh Singh
9 Modified Neural Networks for Face Recognition
Bhaskar Gupta
10 Power of Mobility
Manjit Singh
11 Benchmarking for Quality Technical Institutions
Col. Dr. D. S. Grewal
12 Glass Fibre Reinforced Concrete Use in Construction
S.A. Eng. Pshtiwan N. Shakor and Prof. S. S. Pimplikar
13 Energy Optimization of Steam Turbines by Audit
M. Siddhartha Bhatt, Dr. I.P.S.Paul, I.P. Sharma and S.K. Choudhry

Journal July-Dec 2010

AKGEC Journal of Technology
July-December 2010 Vol. 1, No.2 ISSN 0975-9514
S No. Content
1 Advance Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Neural Networks: A Review
Jyoti Singh and Pritee Gupta
2 A Survey of Short-range Wireless Communication Technologiesfor Embedded Systems
Divyang D. Vyas and Dr. H. N. Pandya
3 Performance Evaluation of Wimax Network Using Qualnet Simulator
Mitul R. Khandhedia, Prof. K.H. Wandra, Prof. D.N. Khandhar and Nirav R. Khandhedia
4 Facial Detection Using Multi-sensor Metaphors Based On Localized Core Eigen-spaces
C. Karthikeyan and Dr. B. Ramadoss
5 Constructing Compact Binary Decision Trees using Genetic Algorithm
Santosh Tiwari and Jaiveer Singh
6 Secure Data Dissemination over Web 2.0
Niyati Aggrawal
7 On the Performance of Network Coding and Channel Coding for Wireless Networks
Alpana Sahu
8 Steganography in Multimedia Messaging Service of Mobile Phones Using CDMA Spread Spectrum
Ritesh Pratap Singh and Neha Singh
9 Wireless Power Transmission for Solar Power Satellite
T.S. Hasarmani
10 To Neural Networks and Beyond
Dr Anil Kumar Ahlawat
11 Frequency Synchronization in OFDM a Bayesian Analysis
Inderjeet Kaur
12 Some Studies on the Permeability Behaviour of Self Compacting Concrete
Dr. Seshadri Sekhar. T, Dr. P. Sravana and Dr. Srinivasa Rao
13 An Efficient Algorithm for All Pair Optimized Shortest Paths
Dr. P K Singh and Rajendra Kumar
14 Dual Frame Motion Compensation Approach for Lossless Video Coding
Shailendra Bisariya
15 A New Method of Measuring Resistance
Dr. Aniruddh Singh